Hermissenda References

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Reference List

A - B

  1. Acosta-Urquidi J, Crow T (1993) Differential modulation of voltage-dependent currents in Hermissenda type B photoreceptors by serotonin. J Neurophysiol 70:541-548. PubMed, Ref
  2. Akaike T, Alkon DL (1980) Sensory convergence on central visual neurons in Hermissenda. J Neurophysiol 44:501-513. PubMed, Ref
  3. Alkon DL, Fuortes MG (1972) Responses of photoreceptors in Hermissenda. J Gen Physiol 60:631-649. PubMed, Ref
  4. Alkon DL (1973) Intersensory interactions in Hermissenda. J Gen Physiol 62:185-202. PubMed, Ref
  5. Alkon DL (1973a) Neural organization of a molluscan visual system. J Gen Physiol 61:444-461. PubMed, Ref
  6. Alkon DL (1973b) Intersensory interactions in Hermissenda. J Gen Physiol 62:185-202.PubMed, Ref
  7. Alkon DL (1974) Associative training of Hermissenda. J Gen Physiol 64:70-84. PubMed, Ref
  8. Alkon DL (1974) Sensory interactions in the nudibranch mollusk Hermissenda crassicornis. Fed Proc 33:1083-1090.PubMed, Ref
  9. Alkon DL (1975) A dual synaptic effect on hair cells in Hermissenda. J Gen Physiol 65:385-397. PubMed, Ref
  10. Alkon DL (1975) Neural correlates of associative training in Hermissenda. J Gen Physiol 65:46-56. Ref
  11. Alkon DL (1975) Responses of hair cells to statocyst rotation. J Gen Physiol 66:507-530. Ref
  12. Alkon DL (1976) Neural modification by paired sensory stimuli. J Gen Physiol 68:341-358. Ref
  13. Alkon DL (1976) Signal transformation with pairing of sensory stimuli. J Gen Physiol 67:197-211. Ref
  14. Alkon DL (1982) Regenerative changes of voltage-dependent Ca2+ and K+ currents encode a learned stimulus association. J Physiol (Paris) 78:700-706. PubMed, [ Ref]
  15. Alkon DL, Akaike T, Harrigan J (1978) Interaction of chemosensory, visual, and statocyst pathways in Hermissenda crassicornis. J Gen Physiol 71:177-194.
  16. Alkon DL, Bank B, Naito S, Chen C, Ram J (1987) Inhibition of protein synthesis prolongs Ca2+-mediated reduction of K+ currents in molluscan neurons. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 84:6948-6952.
  17. Alkon DL, costa-Urquidi J, Olds J, Kuzma G, Neary JT (1983) Protein kinase injection reduces voltage-dependent potassium currents. Science 219:303-306.
  18. Alkon DL, Grossman Y (1978) Evidence for nonsynaptic neuronal interaction. J Neurophysiol 41:640-653.
  19. Alkon DL, Grossman Y (1978) Long-lasting depolarization and hyperpolarization in eye of Hermissenda. J Neurophysiology 41:1328-1342.
  20. Alkon DL, Lederhendler I, Shoukimas JJ (1982) Primary changes of membrane currents during retention of associative learning. Science 215:693-695.
  21. Alkon DL, Sakakibara M, Naito S, Heldman E, Lederhendler I (1986) The role of neurochemical modulation in learning. Neuroscience Res 3:487-497.
  22. Alkon DL, Shoukimas JJ, Heldman E (1982) Calcium-mediated decrease of a voltage-dependent potassium current. Biophys J 40:245-250.
  23. Auerbach SB, Grover LM, Farley J (1989) Neurochemical and immunocytochemical studies of serotonin in the Hermissenda central nervous system. Brain Res Bull 22:353-361.
  24. Avila C, Arigue A, Tamse CT, Kuzirian AM (1994) Hermissenda crassicornis larvae metamorphose in laboratory in response to artificial and natural inducers. Biol Bull 187:252-253.
  25. Bank B, LoTurco JJ, Alkon DL (1989) Learning-induced activation of protein kinase C. A molecular memory trace. Mol Neurobiol 3:55-70.article
  26. Barth J (1964) Intracellular Recording From Photoreceptor Neurons In The Eyes Of A Nudibranch Mollusc (Hermissenda Crassicornis). Comp Biochem Physiol 11:311-315. Pubmed
  27. Birkeland C (1974) Interactions between a Sea Pen and Seven of Its Predators. Ecological Monographs 44:211-232. article
  28. Blackwell KT (2002) Calcium waves and closure of potassium channels in response to GABA stimulation in Hermissenda type B photoreceptors. J Neurophysiol 87:776-792.article
  29. Blackwell KT (2006) Ionic currents underlying difference in light response between type A and type B photoreceptors. J Neurophysiol 95:3060-3072. article
  30. Blackwell KT. Subcellular, cellular, and circuit mechanisms underlying classical conditioning in Hermissenda crassicornis. Anat Rec B New Anat. 2006 Jan;289(1):25-37. Review. Pubmed ID: 16437555
  31. Blackwell KT, Alkon DL (1999) Ryanodine receptor modulation of in vitro associative learning in Hermissenda crassicornis. Brain Res 822:114-125.pdf
  32. Butson CR, Clark GA (2008) Mechanisms of noise-induced improvement in light-intensity encoding in hermissenda photoreceptor network. J Neurophysiol 99:155-165.article
  33. Butson CR, Clark GA (2008) Random noise paradoxically improves light-intensity encoding in hermissenda photoreceptor network. J Neurophysiol 99:146-154.article


  1. Cai Y, Baxter DA, Crow T (2003) Computational study of enhanced excitability in Hermissenda: membrane conductances modulated by 5-HT. J Comput Neurosci 15:105-121.pdf
  2. Cai Y, Flynn M, Baxter DA, Crow T (2006) Role of A-type K(+) channels in spike broadening observed in soma and axon of Hermissenda type-B photoreceptors: A simulation study. J Comput Neurosci 21:89-99.pdf
  3. Choe BL, Lee JR (1994) Opisthobranchs (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from Ullung and Dog-do Islands, Korea. Korean-Journal-of-Zoology 37:352-376.
  4. Collin C, Ito E, Oka K, Yoshioka T, Sanchez-Andres JV, Matzel LD, Alkon DL (1992) The role of calcium in prolonged modification of a GABAergic synapse. J Physiol Paris 86:139-145.article
  5. Croll RP (1987) Distribution of monoamines in the central nervous system of the nudibranch gastropod, Hermissenda crassicornis. Brain Res 405:337-347.pdf
  6. Crow T (1988) Cellular and molecular analysis of associative learning and memory in Hermissenda. Trends Neurosci 11:136-147. pdf
  7. Crow TJ, Alkon DL (1978) Retention of an associative behavioral change in Hermissenda. Science 201:1239-1241.
  8. Crow TJ, Alkon DL (1980) Associative Behavioral Modification in Hermissenda: Cellular Correlates. Science 209:412-414.
  9. Crow T, Forrester J (1991) Light paired with serotonin in vivo produces both short- and long-term enhancement of generator potentials of identified B-photoreceptors in Hermissenda. J Neurosci 11:608-617.pdf
  10. Crow T, Harrigan JF (1979) Reduced behavioral variability in laboratory-reared Hermissenda crassicornis (Eschscholtz, 1831) (Opisthobranchia: nudibranchia). Brain Res 173:179-184.Pubmed
  11. Crow T, Heldman E, Hacopian V, Enos R, Alkon DL (1979) Ultrastructure of photoreceptors in the eye of Hermissenda labelled with intracellular injections of horseradish peroxidase. J Neurocytol 8:181-195. pdf
  12. Crow T, Offenbach N (1983) Modification of the initiation of locomotion in Hermissenda: behavioral analysis. Brain Res 271:301-310.pdf
  13. Crow T, Pengidore T (1993) Serotonin increases the frequency of light-elicited discrete waves in type-B photoreceptors of Hermissenda. Brain Res 628:305-308. pdf
  14. Crow T, Redell JB, Tian LM, Bian JX, Dash PK (2003) Inhibition of conditioned stimulus pathway phosphoprotein 24 expression blocks the development of intermediate-term memory in Hermissenda. J Neurosci 23:3415-3422.article
  15. Crow T, Siddiqi V (1997) Time-dependent changes in excitability after one-trial conditioning of Hermissenda. J Neurophysiol 78:3460-3464. article
  16. Crow T, Siddiqi V, Zhu Q, Neary JT (1996) Time-dependent increase in protein phosphorylation following one- trial enhancement in Hermissenda. J Neurochem 66:1736-1741. pdf
  17. Crow T, Tian LM (2000) Monosynaptic connections between identified A and B photoreceptors and interneurons in Hermissenda: evidence for labeled-lines. J Neurophysiol 84:367-375. article
  18. Crow T, Tian LM (2002) Facilitation of monosynaptic and complex PSPs in type I interneurons of conditioned Hermissenda. J Neurosci 22:7818-7824. pdf
  19. Crow T, Tian LM (2002) Morphological characteristics and central projections of two types of interneurons in the visual pathway of Hermissenda. J Neurophysiol 87:322-332. pdf
  20. Crow T, Tian LM (2003) Interneuronal projections to identified cilia-activating pedal neurons in Hermissenda. J Neurophysiol 89:2420. pdf
  21. Crow T, Tian LM (2004) Statocyst hair cell activation of identified interneurons and foot contraction motor neurons in Hermissenda. J Neurophysiol 91:2874-2883. pdf
  22. Crow T, Tian LM (2006) Pavlovian conditioning in Hermissenda: a circuit analysis. Biol Bull 210:289-297.article
  23. Crow T, Tian LM. Sensory regulation of network components underlying ciliary locomotion in Hermissenda. J Neurophysiol. 2008 Nov;100(5):2496-506. PubMed ID: 18768639
  24. Crow TJ, Tian LM (2009) Polysensory Interneuronal Projections to Foot Contractile Pedal Neurons in Hermissenda. J Neurophysiol. 101(2):824-33 Pubmed ID: 19073803
  25. Crow T, Xue-Bian JJ (2002) One-trial in vitro conditioning regulates a cytoskeletal-related protein (CSP24) in the conditioned stimulus pathway of Hermissenda. J Neurosci 22:10514-10518.pdf
  26. Crow T, Xue-Bian JJ, Siddiqi V, Neary JT (2001) Serotonin activation of the ERK pathway in Hermissenda: contribution of calcium-dependent protein kinase C. J Neurochem 78:358-364.

D - F

  1. Detwiler PB (1976) Multiple light-evoked conductance changes in the photoreceptors of Hermissenda crassicornis. J Physiol 256:691-708.
  2. Detwiler PB, Alkon DL (1973) Hair cell interactions in the statocyst of Hermissenda. J Gen Physiol 62:618-642.
  3. Detwiler PB, Fuortes MG (1975) Responses of hair cells in the statocyst of Hermissenda. J Physiol 251:107-129.
  4. Eakin RM, Westfall JA, Dennis MJ (1967) Fine structure of the eye of a nudibranch mollusc, Hermissenda crassicornis. J Cell Sci 2:349-358.
  5. Epstein HT, Child FM, Kuzirian AM, Alkon DL (2003) Time windows for effects of protein synthesis inhibitors on Pavlovian conditioning in Hermissenda: Behavioral aspects. Neurobiol Learning and Mem 79:127-131.
  6. Etcheberrigaray R, Matzel LD, Lederhendler II, Alkon DL (1992) Classical conditioning and protein kinase C activation regulate the same single potassium channel in Hermissenda crassicornis photoreceptors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 89:7184-7188.
  7. Falk-Vairant J, Crow T (1992) Intracellular injections of BAPTA block induction of enhancement in Hermissenda type B-photoreceptors. Neurosci Lett 147:45-48.
  8. Farley J, Alkon DL (1982) Associative neural and behavioral change in Hermissenda: consequences of nervous system orientation for light and pairing specificity. J Neurophysiol 48:785-807.
  9. Farley J, Alkon DL (1987) In vitro associative conditioning of Hermissenda: cumulative depolarization of type B photoreceptors and short-term associative behavioral changes. J Neurophysiol 57:1639-1668.
  10. Farley J, Han YR (1997) Ionic basis of learning-correlated excitability changes in Hermissenda type A photoreceptors. J Neurophysiol 77:1861-1888.
  11. Farley J, Richards WG, Ling LJ, Liman E, Alkon DL (1983) Membrane changes in a single photoreceptor cause associative learning in Hermissenda. Science 221:1201-1203.
  12. Flynn M, Cai Y, Baxter DA, Crow T (2003) A computational study of the role of spike broadening in synaptic facilitation of Hermissenda. J Comput Neurosci 15:29-41.
  13. Fost JW, Clark GA (1996) Modeling Hermissenda: I. Differential contributions of IA and IC to type-B cell plasticity. J Comput Neurosci 3:137-153.
  14. Fost JW, Clark GA (1996) Modeling Hermissenda: II. Effects of variations in type-B cell excitability, synaptic strength, and network architecture. J Comput Neurosci 3:155-172.
  15. Frysztak RJ, Crow T (1993) Differential expression of correlates of classical conditioning in identified medial and lateral type A photoreceptors of Hermissenda. J Neurosci 13:2889-2897.
  16. Frysztak RJ, Crow T (1994) Enhancement of type B and A photoreceptor inhibitory synaptic connections in conditioned Hermissenda. J Neurosci 14:1245-1250.
  17. Frysztak RJ, Crow T (1997) Synaptic enhancement and enhanced excitability in presynaptic and postsynaptic neurons in the conditioned stimulus pathway of Hermissenda. J Neurosci 17:4426-4433.

G - I

  1. Gandhi CC, Matzel LD (2000) Modulation of presynaptic action potential kinetics underlies synaptic facilitation of type B photoreceptors after associative conditioning in Hermissenda. J Neurosci 20:2022-2035.
  2. Goh Y, Alkon DL (1984) Sensory, interneuronal, and motor interactions within Hermissenda visual pathway. J Neurophysiol 52:156-169. Pubmed ID: 6086855
  3. Grossman Y, Alkon DL, Heldman E (1979) A common origin of voltage noise and generator potentials in statocyst hair cells. J Gen Physiol 73:23-48.
  4. Grover LM, Farley J, Auerbach SB (1989) Serotonin involvement during in vitro conditioning of Hermissenda. Brain Res Bull 22:363-372.
  5. Harrigan JF, Alkon DL (1978) Larval rearing, metamorphosis, growth and reproduction of the eolid nudibranch hermissenda crassicornis (eschscholtz, 1831) (gastropoda: opisthobranchia). Biol Bull 154:430-439.
  6. Heldman E, Alkon DL (1978) Neurotransmitter synthesis in the nervous system of the mollusc Hermissenda. Comp Biochem Physiol C 59:117-125.
  7. Heldman E, Grossman Y, Jerussi TP, Alkon DL (1979) Cholinergic features of photoreceptor synapses in Hermissenda. J Neurophysiol 42:153-165.
  8. Hodgson TM, Crow T (1992) Cellular correlates of classical conditioning in identified light responsive pedal neurons of Hermissenda crassicornis. Brain Res 570:267-271. Pubmed ID: 1617416

J - N

  1. Jerussi TP, Alkon DL (1981) Ocular and extraocular responses of identifiable neurons in pedal ganglia of Hermissenda crassicornis. J Neurophysiol 46:659-671. Pubmed ID: 7299440
  2. Jin NG, Tian LM, Crow T. 5-HT and GABA modulate intrinsic excitability of type I interneurons in Hermissenda. J Neurophysiol. 2009 Nov;102(5):2825-33. PubMed ID: 19710377
  3. Jing J, Vilim FS, Weiss KR (2007) Interactions between serotonergic neurons in the locomotor and feeding networks in Aplysia. Soc Neurosci Abstr 289.10.
  4. Kawai R, Yasuoka T, Sakakibara M (2003) Dynamical aspects of in vitro conditioning in Hermissenda type B photoreceptor. Zoo Sci 20:1-6.
  5. Kuzirian AM, Alkon DL, Harris LG (1981) An infraciliary network in statocyst hair cells. J Neurocytol 10:497-514.
  6. Kuzirian AM, Epstein HT, Buck D, Child FM, Nelson T, Alkon DL (2001) Pavlovian conditioning-specific increases of the Ca2+- and GTP-binding protein, calexcitin in identified Hermissenda visual cells. J Neurocytol 30:993-1008.
  7. Kuzirian AM, Epstein HT, Gagliardi CJ, Nelson TJ, Sakakibara M, Taylor C, Scioletti AB, Alkon DL (2006) Bryostatin enhancement of memory in Hermissenda. Biol Bull 210:201-214.
  8. Land PW, Crow T (1985) Serotonin immunoreactivity in the circumesophageal nervous system of Hermissenda crassicornis. Neurosci Lett 62:199-205.
  9. Lederhendler I, Alkon DL (1986) Implicating causal relations between cellular function and learning behavior. Behav Neurosci 100:833-838.
  10. Lederhendler II, Alkon DL (1989) The interstimulus interval and classical conditioning in the marine snail Hermissenda crassicornis. Behav Brain Res 35:75-80.
  11. Lederhendler II, Gart S, Alkon DL (1986) Classical conditioning of Hermissenda: origin of a new response. J Neurosci 6:1325-1331.
  12. Longley RD, Longley AJ (1987) Evolution of behavior: An homologous peptidergic escape swim interneuron in swimming gastropod nudibranchs (Tritonia, Hermissenda) and a related non-swimming species (Aeolidia). Soc Neurosci Abstr 13:822.
  13. Longley RD, Willows AOD (1985) Immunocytochemical localization of serotonin, FMRFamide, BPP, and SCPB in nudibranch mollusks. Soc Neurosci Abstr 11:943.
  14. Matzel LD, Collin C, Alkon DL (1992) Biophysical and behavioral correlates of memory storage, degradation, and reactivation. Behav Neurosci 106:954-963.
  15. Matzel LD, Muzzio IA, Rogers RF (1995) Diverse current and voltage responses to baclofen in an identified molluscan photoreceptor. J Neurophysiol 74:506-518.
  16. Matzel LD, Rogers RF (1993) Postsynaptic calcium, but not cumulative depolarization, is necessary for the induction of associative plasticity in Hermissenda. J Neurosci 13:5029-5040.
  17. Neary JT, Alkon DL (1983) Protein phosphorylation/dephosphorylation and the transient, voltage-dependent potassium conductance in Hermissenda crassicornis. J Biol Chem 258:8979-8983.
  18. Neary JT, Crow T, Alkon DL (1981) Change in a specific phosphoprotein band following associative learning in Hermissenda. Nature 293:658-660.
  19. Nelson TJ, Alkon DL (1997) Biochemistry of molluscan learning and memory. BioEssays 19:1045-1053.
  20. Nelson TJ, Collin C, Alkon DL (1990) Isolation of a G protein that is modified by learning and reduces potassium currents in Hermissenda. Science 247:1479-1483.
  21. Newcomb JM, Fickbohm DJ, Katz PS (2006) Comparative mapping of serotonin-immunoreactive neurons in the central nervous systems of nudibranch molluscs. J Comp Neurol 499:485-505.

R - Z

  1. Richards WG, Farley J. Motor correlates of phototaxis and associative learning in Hermissenda crassicornis. Brain Res Bull. 1987 Aug;19(2):175-89. PubMed ID:3664278
  2. Rogers RF, Matzel LD (1995) G-protein mediated responses to localized serotonin application in an invertebrate photoreceptor. NeuroReport 6:2161-2165.
  3. Sakakibara M (2006) Comparative study of visuo-vestibular conditioning in Lymnaea stagnalis. Biol Bull 210:298-307.
  4. Schultz LM, Butson CR, Clark GA (2001) Post-light potentiation at type B to A photoreceptor connections in Hermissenda. Neurobiol Learning and Mem 76:7-32.
  5. Schultz LM, Clark GA (1997) GABA-induced synaptic facilitation at type B to A photoreceptor connections in Hermissenda. Brain Res Bull 42:377-383.
  6. Schultz LM, Lee ES, Clark GA (1998) Synaptic depression at type B to A photoreceptor connections in Hermissenda. NeuroReport 9:437-440.
  7. Schuman EM, Clark GA (1994) Synaptic facilitation at connections of Hermissenda type B photoreceptors. J Neurosci 14:1613-1622.
  8. Stensaas LJ, Stensaas SS, Trujillo-Cenoz O (1969) Some morphological aspects of the visual system of Hermissenda crassicornis (Mollusca: Nudibranchia). J Ultrastruct Res 27:510-532.
  9. Stommel EW, Stephens RE, Alkon DL (1980) Motile statocyst cilia transmit rather than directly transduce mechanical stimuli. J Cell Biol 87:652-662.
  10. Suzuki H, Horikoshi T, Sakakibara M (2008) Neurophysiological analysis of visuo-vestibular conditioning in Lymnaea stagnalis. Acta Biol Hung 59 Suppl:93-95.
  11. Tabata M, Alkon DL (1982) Positive synaptic feedback in visual system of nudibranch mollusk Hermissenda crassicornis. J Neurophysiol 48:174-191.
  12. Takeda T (1982) Discrete potential waves in the photoreceptors of a gastropod mollusc, Hermissenda crassicornis. Vision Res 22:303-309.
  13. Takeda T, Alkon DL (1982) Correlated receptor and motorneuron changes during retention of associative learning of Hermissenda crassicornis. Comp Biochem Physiol A Comp Physiol 73:151-157.
  14. Talk AC, Matzel LD (1996) Calcium influx and release from intracellular stores contribute differentially to activity-dependent neuronal facilitation in Hermissenda photoreceptors. Neurobiol Learning and Mem 66:183-197.
  15. Tamse CT, Collin C, Kuzirian AM, Smith PJS (1995) Culture of Hermissenda crassicornis (mollusca) neurons. In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim 31:653-656.
  16. Tamse CT, Xu YF, Song HT, Nie LP, Yamoah EN (2003) Protein kinase a mediates voltage-dependent facilitation of Ca2+ current in presynaptic hair cells in Hermissenda crassicornis. J Neurophysiol 89:1718-1726.
  17. Tamse CT, Yamoah EN (2002) Elementary properties of axonal calcium currents in type B photoreceptors in Hermissenda crassicornis. J Neurosci 22:10533-10538.
  18. Tian LM, Kawai R, Crow T (2006) Serotonin-immunoreactive CPT interneurons in Hermissenda: identification of sensory input and motor projections. J Neurophysiol 96:327-335. PMID:16641389
  19. Tyndale E., Avila C, Kuzirian AM (1994) Food detection and preferences of the nudibranch mollusc Hermissenda crassicornis: experiments in a Y-maze. Biol Bull 187:274-275.
  20. Walker TL, Campodonico JJ, Cavallo JS, Farley J (2010) AA/12-Lipoxygenase Signaling Contributes to Inhibitory Learning in Hermissenda Type B Photoreceptors. Front Behav Neurosci 4.
  21. Watson WH, Willows AOD (1992) Evidence for homologous peptidergic neurons in the buccal ganglia of diverse nudibranch mollusks. J Neurobiol 23:173-186.
  22. Werness SA, Fay SD, Blackwell KT, Vogl TP, Alkon DL (1992) Associative learning in a network model of Hermissenda crassicornis. I. Theory. Biol Cybern 68:125-133.
  23. Werness SA, Fay SD, Blackwell KT, Vogl TP, Alkon DL (1993) Associative learning in a network model of Hermissenda crassicornis. II. Experiments. Biol Cybern 69:19-28.
  24. Wyeth RC, Croll RP, Willows AO, Spencer4 AN (2008) 1-Phenoxy-2-propanol is a useful anaesthetic for gastropods used in neurophysiology. J Neurosci Methods.
  25. Yamoah EN (1997) Potassium currents in presynaptic hair cells of Hermissenda. Biophys J 72:193-203.
  26. Yamoah EN, Crow T (1994) Two components of calcium currents in the soma of photoreceptor of Hermissenda. J Neurophysiol 72:1327-1336.
  27. Yamoah EN, Crow T (1995) Evidence for a contribution of ICa to serotonergic modulation of IK,Ca in Hermissenda photoreceptors. J Neurophysiol 74:1349-1354.
  28. Yamoah EN, Crow T (1996) Protein kinase and G-protein regulation of Ca2+ currents in Hermissenda photoreceptors by 5-HT and GABA. J Neurosci 16:4799-4809.
  29. Yamoah EN, Levic S, Redell JB, Crow T (2005) Inhibition of conditioned stimulus pathway phosphoprotein 24 expression blocks the reduction in A-type transient K+ current produced by one-trial in vitro conditioning of Hermissenda. J Neurosci 25:4793-4800.
  30. Zack S (1974) Sequences of agonistic behavior patterns and food deprivation in Hermissenda. Behav Biol 12:525-532.
  31. Zack S (1974) The effects of food deprivation on agonistic behavior in an opisthobranch mollusc, Hermissenda crassicornis. Behav Biol 12:223-232.
  32. Zack S (1975) A description and analysis of agonistic behavior patterns in an opisthobranch mollusc, Hermissenda crassicornis. Behaviour 53:238-267.