Jennifer Aniston neuron

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Related - "grandmother" cell, medial temporal lobe (MTL), temporal lobe visual cortex, visual encoding and retrieval of faces and objects (Fried 2000)

Facial recognition, declarative memory, and the medial temporal lobe

Visual image response

    N170 peak
    Response to related images
         Black and white images
         Upside-down images

The grandmother cell concept, distributed representation theory, and sparsity?

The NeuronBank Wiki is place for Neuroscientists to describe neurons and neural circuitry. It works like Wikipedia, in that all pages are available to be edited by registered users of NeuronBank. The ultimate goal is advance the field of Neuromics by creating an encyclopedia of neurons and neural circuitry.

Drawing of Purkinje cells (A) and granule cells (B) from pigeon cerebellum by Santiago Ramón y Cajal, 1899. Instituto Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain.

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Information about Editing wiki pages is available under Help.

Specific Templates can be designed for different species. See for example Leech_Neuron_Template


Bear, Connors, and Paradiso (2007). A Model of a Distributed Memory. Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain, 3rd ed. Lippincott, Williams, & Wiliams. p.736.

Bowers, JS. On the biological plausibility of grandmother cells: implications for neural network theories in psychology and neuroscience. Psychol Rev. 2009 Jan;116(1):220-51.

Fried I, Cameron KA, Yashar S, Fong R, Morrow JW. Inhibitory and excitatory responses of single neurons in the human medial temporal lobe during recognition of faces and objects. Nat Neurosci. 2000 Sep;3(9):946-53.

Fried I, MacDonald KA, Wilson CL. Single neuron activity in human hippocampus and amygdala during recognition of faces and objects. Neuron. 1997 May;18(5):753-65.

LEI GAO,a JING XU,b BINGWEI ZHANG,b LUN ZHAO,c,d ASSAF HAREL,d and SHLOMO BENTIN. Aging effects on early-stage face perception: An ERP study. Psychophysiology. (2009), 1–14.

Kreiman G, Koch C, Fried I. Category-specific visual responses of single neurons in the human medial temporal lobe. Nat Neurosci. 2000 Sep;3(9):946-53.

Nakamura K, Matsumoto K, Mikami A, Kubota K. Visual response properties of single neurons in the temporal pole of behaving monkeys. J Neurophysiol. 1994 Mar;71(3):1206-21.

Ken A. Paller,1,4,5,6 Charan Ranganath,1 Brian Gonsalves,1 Kevin S. LaBar,2,5 Todd B. Parrish,3,5 Darren R. Gitelman,2,3,4,5 M.-Marsel Mesulam,2,4,5 and Paul J. Reber1,4,5. Neural Correlates of Person Recognition. Learn Mem. 2003 July; 10(4): 253–260.

Quiroga RQ, Reddy L, Kreiman G, Koch C, Fried I. Invariant visual representation by single neurons in the human brain. Nature. 2005 Jun 23;435(7045):1036-7.

Quiroga RQ, Kreiman G, Koch C, Fried I. Sparse but not 'grandmother-cell' coding in the medial temporal lobe. Trends Cogn Sci. 2008 Mar;12(3):87-91. Epub 2008 Feb 11.

Rolls ET. Learning mechanisms in the temporal lobe visual cortex. Behav Brain Res. 1995 Jan 23;66(1-2):177-85.

Shors TJ. From stem cells to grandmother cells: how neurogenesis relates to learning and memory. Cell Stem Cell. 2008 Sep 11;3(3):253-8.

Michael T. Ullman. Contributions of memory circuits to language: the declarative/procedural model. Cognition 92 (2004) 231–270

This is a template for creating a NeuronBank wiki page for a Neuron. To use this template, log in, go to the edit tab. Copy the entire page. Go to the search button and type in the name of the cell that you wish to create a page for. If that page does not exist, you will be asked if you would like to create it. Click on the link, then paste this page. Delete this instructional paragraph and make the appropriate changes to the text. Please note if the version that you save is a draft version.

NeuronName is a neuron in SpeciesName.

NS neuron

You can replace this image with a picture of the cell. To upload a new image, go to Upload file on the left menu. Make sure that you cite where the image was taken from and give attribution. Provide a link to the source when possible.

This is where you put a short paragraph to introduce the salient features of this neuron. What should everyone know about this cell if they don't read any farther.

Neuronal Type: Sensory Neuron, Motor Neuron, local interneuron, projection neuron, etc...


This is where you put information related to the anatomy of the neuron.

  • Where is the Cell body located?
  • What is the axon projection pattern?
  • How many neurons of this type are there in the nervous system?

Molecular profile

  • Neurotransmitter: ____________
  • Unique molecular markers: ______________


Synaptic Connections

Synaptic Inputs

Synaptic Outputs

Spiking properties



  1. Author1 FM,Author2 FM (year) Title, Journal, vol: pages. PMID.
  2. Author1 FM,Author2 FM (year) Title, Journal, vol: pages. PMID.

Additional information

link title

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